Several questions arise in the minds of parents when they want to decide on the fact that the amount of television children watch must be supervise. There has been alarming headlines regarding damage caused by the television on young children and are regularly published in magazines and newspapers. This causes panic among parents; However, parents are not always able to keep their children away from the television. A 2006 report by the Kaiser Family Foundation states that, television is watched by approximately 74% of young children and infants before the age of 2 years. In the current scenario, we have constant access to kid’s TV channels and other baby-oriented programs. So instead of warnings, access to television has increased creating more confusion in the minds of parents.
TV Observation in Infants-Is it harmful?
1. Negative Effects
- Affects Brain Development
During the first 3 years, the brain of a child grows deep; it becomes triple mass during the first year. Brain development is profoundly influenced by the experience of children stimuli during this stage. Images in the real world is different from what we see on the screen. Infants can enjoy watching movies and bright colors that appear on the screen, but they are not able to make sense of these images. The brain of a baby can take up to 2 years to understand the symbols on the screen. Since this creates confusion in the mind of a young child, brain development is affected if they are watching TV at a young age.
- The Development of Language Delay
It is more and more evident to prove that language development is delayed in children who watches TV before age 2 years. The brain becomes what he feels. For toddlers, watching TV is like mental junk food. Language development is delayed, even with just the TV in the background and even if nobody is watching.
- Assign Reading and Short-Term Memory
There is evidence that also proves that watching television has a negative effect on reading ability and short-term memory for toddlers.
- You Cannot Focus on Learning For a Long Time
Children are specially programmed to learn from the interaction with other people. Whenever the child or parent is watching television, a stop occurs in this interaction. Under normal circumstances, a parent say about 940 words per hour to their babies; this number falls significantly below 770 with TV in the background. Due to the exchange of text words, there will be less learning. Toddlers who watch TV regularly are also more likely to develop problems focusing at the age of 7 years.
2. Positive Effects
During their preschool years, educational television does teach some children new skills.Children can learn Math, Science, Literacy and Solving problems shows that are well designed. Children learn more with interactive programs such as Dora the Explorer. TV Educational is most beneficial for children whose homes have no intellectual stimulation.
If you would like more information about the effects of television on young children, you can watch the video below:
How to Teach Good TV Habits for Children Over 2 Years
|Limiting the hours of television viewing||Do not keep the TV in the children’s room; turn off the TV while eating food and homework; keep a lot of other things such as books, puzzles, toys and games in the TV room to encourage your child to do something other than watching TV. Apply rules to watch TV, such as it can be considered only after the completion of homework.|
|Ban TV on weekdays||Try to limit the time to watch TV on weekends and holidays and more time for other things like studying, reading and sports during the days of the week.|
|Limit TV viewing time||Check the reviews of different programs before broadcasting time in order to decide which family shows you can all watch together and shows that encourage your child’s interest in certain recreational and educational activities such as Science Shows and Exhibitions Art.|
|Overview advance programs||Make a TV schedule for family and display it in a visible place that is common.Watching TV on time and turning it off after the program is completed.|
|Watch TV with your children||Talk with your children about the programs they see on TV and share with them your values and beliefs.|
|Make fun alternatives||Offer fun alternatives to watching TV like playing a board game, reading a history book, like crafts and hobbies, or dance to the music.|
What Other Media is Good for Infants?
It is recommended to avoid television and other media for infants less than 2 years due to the rapid brain development during these years. A child learns best by the interaction of people and not watching TV . According to studies, the use of excessive media can cause attention problems in young children. It can also cause difficulties in school, obesity, sleep and eating disorders. In addition, the use of the Internet and cell phones can lead to risky behavior and unlawful acts in the future. Parents should limit screen time for their children, they may offer other educational media and other formats such as books, board games and newspapers to help guide their children with the media.